Thyroid surgery involves partial or complete removal of thyroid tissue for the treatment of thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism. Depending on the reason for the surgery, all or part of the thyroid gland is removed (total and sub-total thyroidectomy)

  • Total thyroidectomy (for thyrotoxicosis) – The entire gland and the lymph nodes surrounding the gland are removed

  • Hemi-thyroidectomy (for nodule) – Part or all of the thyroid gland is removed

Parathyroidectomy is the surgical removal of the parathyroid glands or parathyroid tumours. Parathyroid glands are located behind the thyroid gland in the neck. They are involved in balancing calcium levels in your blood by making parathyroid hormone. In instances of disease, an overactive parathyroid gland can cause abnormally high levels of calcium. The most commonly experienced symptom is bone pain.

Further Reading:

http://www.endocrinesurgeons.org.au/thyroid-gland

http://www.endocrinesurgeons.org.au/parathyroid-glands

https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/ConditionsAndTreatments/parathyroid-glands​​​​​​​

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